List of AVI Codecs by FOURCC
Inspired by Dave Wilson' Fourcc.org site.|
Original content used with permission.
This page designed to help you find a particular video codec vendor by fourcc,
when you need to play back or convert some existing AVI file.
Also it is important to make right decision whether you'd like to use the codec
to compress your new videos. Some of codecs are more popular, others give you
better picture quality, some codecs are faster but offer low compression ratios etc.
Unfortunately, no ideal codec exists...
The Method and Usablility columns use their own shortcuts
to describe basic compression scheme and possible codec usage.
for more information.
|3ivx||3IVX||MPEG4||Rare||FOURCC "3IV0" was also used for a while but never publicly released
|Autodesk Animator AVI equivalent of FLI/FLC||Autodesk||RLE||Outdated||Discontinued by Autodesk
|AP41||AngelPotion||Hacked MS MPEG4||MPEG4||Illegal||Tends to crash some Windows Registry entries on a user PC
|Asus Video||Asus||YUV||Can't encode except capture||Codec supplied with the Asus TNT Video Capture adapter.
|CDVC||Canopus DV Codec||Canopus||DV||DV camcorders||Used to allow video editing on a PC without installed DV hardware
|Microsoft Video 1||Microsoft||RLE||Outdated, shipped with Windows||Good for training courses video encode
|CVID||Cinepak||Providenza & Boekelheide||?||Outdated, shipped with Windows, slow to encode||Originally owned by Supermac then Radius, now P & B
About a 10 years ago was the best for photorealistic video encode
|CYUV||Creative YUV||Creative Labs||YUV||Rare||Some products by Creative might use it.
|DivX MPEG-4 low motion|
DivX MPEG-4 fast motion
|DivX team||MPEG4||Illegal||This is a binary patch (hack) of the Microsoft MPEG-4 V3 codec
|DivX 4, DivX 5 etc.||DivX team||MPEG4||Non-compliant with Video for Windows ICM specs||While the "developers" of this codec still claim it is legal and not based on either MS MPEG4 or OpenDivX sources, it does not seem to be true. Even more bad news, the two-pass mode added in this codec makes it incompatible with any video editing application that conforms the standards.
|DMB1||Rainbow Runner hardware||Matrox||M-JPEG||Rare||Matrox Rainbow Runner video capture board uses this fourcc. You can use Morgan Multimedia MJPEG software codec to decode dmb1 videos. AVIedit includes built-in decompressor for this.
|DV codec||Many vendors of 1394 i/o cards and DV camcorders||DV||home video||Due to high data rate of approx. 3,5 MB/s (12 gigabytes a hour) this codec is not very suitable for video storage and web delivery. On the other hand, this is native data format for DV camcorders and good enough for editing. DirectShow includes a DV decoder filter, while the VFW based applications must install the codec. Popular one is from Mainconcept, Sony, Adaptec, Canopus and other vendors also offer their DV codecs.
|Elsa Quick Codec||Elsa||YUV||Rare||Only ELSA capture cards use this codec.
|ITU H.26n||Intel||MPEG-like||-||Rather good quality at low data rates. Today these codecs are not very popular (except videoconferencing) and seem to go outdated.
|HFYU||HuffYUV||Ben Rudiak-Gould||Huffman||capture||Lossless Huffman codec for YUV and RGB formats. Available in source and DLL forms. Due to fast but low compression you'd better use this codec at analog video capture time or as a intermediate storage compressor for multiple edits.
|Indeo Video 3.x||Ligos||?||Old, shipped with Windows||Developed by Intel, now hosted by Ligos. Version 3.2 IV32 was very popular since it was the best codec shipped with original Windows 95. Compressor uses DCT and frame differencing, which results in color bleeding and blocking artifacts at high compression ratios, while being not very suitable for editing.
|Indeo Video 4.x||Ligos||?||Old, shipped with Windows||see above
|IV50||Indeo Video 5.x||Ligos||?||Good quality at high data rates||see above (Personally, I think the only reason why Intel made these codecs was increase of sales of new Pentium and Pentium MMX CPU's. Being slower than other codecs (maybe except Cinepak) and often without any better picture quality, these codecs were like a programming exercise...)
|Microsoft||-||Rare||Redmond's implementation (as it often happens, it's too unique)
|Since the Motion JPEG is de-facto industry standard, many vendors offer their implementations of the codec, including but not limited to
Also this compression format is used by many digital camera vendors (Olympus, Fujifilm, Canon etc.)
|Microsoft MPEG-4 V1, V2 & V3||Microsoft||MPEG4||Frozen||These codecs were developed by Microsoft by draft MPEG-4 specs and were available some time ago with their Windows Media Tools (WMT) and MS NetShow package. However Microsoft has restricted the functionality of these codecs so that only native tools from Microsoft could use these compressors. The DivX team made a binary hack of MS MPEG4 V3 codec and called it DivX ;) Low motion codec. Currently Microsoft adds no more improvements to these codecs, but Windows Media Player still can download them off the mom site.
|MWV1||Aware Motion Wavelets||Aware Inc.||Wavelet||Editing,|
|While the quality is often better than MJPG at the same data rates, there are no other compatible codecs from different vendors.
|TSCC||TechSmith Screen Capture Codec||Techsmith Corp.||?||Screen capture||This codec used by Camtasia software, however if you want the other people able to watch your videos (presumably, training & educational), they must install the codec on their systems.
|VDONet||Fractal||Low bandwidth||Looks comparable in quality with early MPEG-4 codecs at the same low data rates
|On2's VP3 codec||On2||MPEG4||Startup||Yet another promising codec...
|Legend: Compression method
Based on a colorspace conversion and subsampling
Low compression ratios (3:1), high speed, high quality.
proprietary implementations exist
|RLE||Run length encoding
Good compression for line art, bad for photos (10:1 to 1:1), high speed,
|LZW + Huffman||PKZIP-like compression, low ratios (about 2:1), high
|MJPG||Motion-JPEG - same as .jpg files; good compression,
high speed, does not use temporal compression, some blocking artifacts on high compression ratios
|DV||Digital Video, looks like M-JPEG compression or better,
high speed, does not use temporal compression.
Used widely in hardware (camcorders etc.)
|Wavelet||Good compression, (about 100:1 to 2:1), high
speed, less blocking artifacts than DCT-based and MJPG
|MPEG4||In most cases based on hacked MS MPEG4 v3 codec,
offers very good temporal compression (about 200:1),
average speed, blurry and blocking artifacts on high compression ratios
A fast, high quality compressor with often
low compression ratio. To provide better editing performance, uses
spatial compression, does not use temporal compression, all video
frames are key frames
|Editing||High quality compressor. Speed and good compression
ratio is desirable but not mandatory. Codec should not use temporal
compression, all video frames are key frames
|Storage||Compression ratio is high, quality is good and
high for photorealistic images. Since the really high compression
can not be done without temporal compression, it is hard to edit avi
files that use such a codec type. Treat it as "one way ticket" (i.e.
|File size and download time
is more important than picture quality. Your audience will understand
that visible compression artifacts are due to strongest compression.
The difference vs. Storage is that we intentionally decrease
video quality in hope to get the smallest file.
|Old||That is, a codec developed in 1990-1995, probably
discontinued by vendor. You may have a download link or may not, unless
the codec is shipped with Windows. If you intend to give your videos
to Windows users only, this would provide them some extra convenience.
Note, when you download a codec not from the official vendor web
site, you may get in trouble (install a fake, spyware, trojan or virus
|Illegal||Currently only two types of video codecs fail
into this category. One is, any shareware or commercial video encoder
that places the company logo over the picture, and therefore was hacked
someday. The other is DivX and about a ten of its clones, all made
from the Microsoft MPEG-4 V3 codec. Unfortunately they use slightly
modified (they call "improved"...) versions of the same compression
scheme and/or different fourcc, that involves great incompatibility.
|Rare||Simply means that you can use the codec, but
it is unlikely that anyone else does the same. 'Rare' implies that
the codec is not superior, otherwise it could got more popular.
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